The modelling experience at Heriot-Watt University will be key to developing appropriate pyrolysis models.
The Department of Plant Science at McGill University undertakes the experimental work associated with pot and field studies conducted to evaluate the biochar-soil-plant interactions with various types of biochar produced.
Research at the BioEnergy and Environmentally-Friendly Chemical Processing Laboratory at The University of Saskatchewan focuses on physical and chemical processes aimed at enhancing the quality of biochars as well as general characterisation.
At the Institute for Chemicals From Alternative Resources (ICFAR), two technologies for the production of biochar have been developed.
The UK Biochar Research Centre (UKBRC) houses a set of continuous slow pyrolysis facilities dedicated to biochar research, with production at scales of milligrammes to around 20kg per hour, under controlled temperature and residence time conditions.